2009年4月5日 星期日

Models of a Man, Tawney and others




2010/8/31

Models of a man: essays in memory of Herbert A. Simon - Google 圖書結果

Mie Augier, James G. March - 2004 - Biography & Autobiography - 553 頁
His well-known book The Sciences of the Artificial addresses the implications of the decision-making and problem-solving processes for the social sciences.This ...
books.google.com/books?isbn=0262012081...


2009/4/5「2月9日Simon, Herbert (Alexander) 謝世(1916-2001)。痛心、之後5年未能正式出版其著作翻譯本,慚愧。」

這樣講也不全對,我的月刊在2001年6月出版過專集。之後我每年會上網更新相關的資源,不料去年磁碟機毀損,今年忙其他事。

「我今天去台大圖書館,才知道Herbert A. Simon過世(2001)之後,the MIT Press 出一本 Models of a Man -- 朋友紀念他的。書可能都在經濟系的老師手中。」

我到書店目錄一看,簡直是舉世諸領域名人的作品。我當時實在應該試筆,寫一位透過閱讀與通信而知道皮毛的SIMON.

Models of a man: essays in memory of Herbert A. Simon - Google 圖書結果

Mie Augier, James G. March - 2004 - Biography & Autobiography - 553 頁
His well-known book The Sciences of the Artificial addresses the implications of the decision-making and problem-solving processes for the social sciences.This ...
books.google.com/books?isbn=0262012081...

Models of a Man
Essays in Memory of Herbert A. Simon
Edited by Mie Augier and James G. March

Table of Contents and Sample Chapters

Herbert Simon (1916-2001), in the course of a long and distinguished career in the social and behavioral sciences, made lasting contributions to many disciplines, including economics, psychology, computer science, and artificial intelligence. In 1978 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in economics for his research into the decision-making process within economic organizations. His well-known book The Sciences of the Artificial addresses the implications of the decision-making and problem-solving processes for the social sciences.

This book (the title is a variation on the title of Simon's autobiography, Models of My Life) is a collection of short essays, all original, by colleagues from many fields who felt Simon's influence and mourn his loss. Mixing reminiscence and analysis, the book represents "a small acknowledgment of a large debt."

Each of the more than forty contributors was asked to write about the one work by Simon that he or she had found most influential. The editors then grouped the essays into four sections: "Modeling Man," "Organizations and Administration," "Modeling Systems," and "Minds and Machines." The contributors include such prominent figures as Kenneth Arrow, William Baumol, William Cooper, Gerd Gigerenzer, Daniel Kahneman, David Klahr, Franco Modigliani, Paul Samuelson, and Vernon Smith. Although they consider topics as disparate as "Is Bounded Rationality Unboundedly Rational?" and "Personal Recollections from 15 Years of Monthly Meetings," each essay is a testament to the legacy of Herbert Simon -- to see the unity rather than the divergences among disciplines.

Mie Augier is a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University.

James G. March is a Professor Emeritus at Stanford University.



Essays in Memory of Herbert A. Simon
Edited by Mie Augier and James G. March

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xv

Prologues

Herbert A. Simon, Scientist
Mie Augier and James G. March 3

He's Just My Dad!
Katherine Simon Frank
Sample Chapter - Download PDF (49 KB) 33

I Modeling Man

Is Bounded Rationality Unboundedly Rational? Some Ruminations
Kenneth J. Arrow 47

On Rational Satisficing
William J. Baumol 57

Memorial to Herbert A. Simon
William W. Cooper 67

Consilience, Economic Theory, and the Legacy of Herbert A. Simon
Richard H. Day 75

Interdisciplinary Reasoning and Herbert Simon's Influence
Yuji Ijiri 93

Beliefs and Tastes: Confessions of an Economist
David M. Kreps 113

The Best Is the Enemy of the Good
Roy Radner 143

The Hawkins and Simon Story Revisited
Paul A. Samuelson 153

Herbert A. Simon Opened My Eyes
Reinhard Selten 163

Monetary Rewards and Decision Cost in Strategic Interactions
Vernon L. Smith and Ferenc Szidarovszky 169

II Organizations and Administration

A Focus on Processes: Part of Herbert Simon's Legacy
Philip Bromiley 183

Herbert Simon as Friend to Economists Out of Fashion
John Conlisk 191

Herbert A. Simon and the Education of Managers
William R. Dill 197

A Very Reasonable Objective Still Beyond Our Reach: Economics as an Empirically Disciplined Social Science
Giovanni Dosi 211

Lessons I Learned from Herbert A. Simon and His Friends: A Reflection on My Years at the Graduate School of Industrial Administration
Julian Feldman 227

Heuristics of Public Administration
Robert E. Goodin 233

"Warmly Yours, Herb"
Harold Guetzkow 251

Economics after Simon
Brian J. Loasby 259

Herbert Simon and Organization Theory: Lessons for the Theory of the Firm
Oliver E. Williamson 279

The "Easy Problem" Problem
Sidney G. Winter 297

III Modeling Systems

Causality, Decomposition, and Aggregation in Social Science Models
Albert Ando 307

Bounded Rationality and Decomposability: The Basis for Integrating Cognitive and Evolutionary Economics
Peter E. Earl and Jason Potts 317

Near-Decomposability, Organization, and Evolution: Some Notes on Herbert Simon's Contribution
Massimo Egidi and Luigi Marengo 335

Herbert Simon
Axel Leijonhufvud 351

Rational Forecasting, Learning, and Decision Making
Charles C. Holt 355

Herbert Simon: Intellectual Magnet
Michael C. Lovell 365

Herbert Simon: Some Cherished Memories
Franco Modigliani 373

Herbert Simon and Production Scheduling
John F. Muth 377

IV Minds and Machines

"On a Different Plane"
Edward A. Feigenbaum 383

Striking a Blow for Sanity in Theories of Rationality
Gerd Gigerenzer 389

Attribute Substitution in Intuitive Judgment
Daniel Kahneman and Shane Frederick 411

Encounters with the Force of Herbert A. Simon
David Klahr 433

Strong Ideas
Kenneth Kotovsky 451

Heuristics for Scientific Discovery: The Legacy of Herbert Simon
Pat Langley 461

Herb Simon: A Recollection
Pamela McCorduck 473

Letter to Herb Simon
George A. Miller 481

Herbert Simon, David Hume, and the Science of Man: Some Philosophical Implications of Models
Joseph C. Pitt 483

Markets as Artifacts: Aggregate Efficiency from Zero-Intelligence Traders
Shyam Sunder 501

Personal Recollections from 15 Years of Monthly Meetings
Raul E. Valdes-Perez 521

Epilogue

A Soft Goodbye
James G. March 533

About the Contributors 537

Name Index

請教司馬賀管理教育
  讀者當知,司馬賀(H. A. Simon)為一了不起的教育家。他在40年代創設(主持)的卡內基理工工商學院,是世界頂尖的,也出了一些諾貝爾經濟學獎得主;這在《管理行為》中,有個案:「一所商學院的設計」。


  我在1999年2月寫信向他討教管理學如何教?因為根據西方名校傳統,入門課要由資深的教授教,才會有融會貫通的樂趣。我以前在東海大學化學系四年級(1990)實驗一年,所得的結論是:「管理學無法教,因為智慧無法傳授。」上學期在中原試一學期「近代管理學趨勢」,期終改論文作業時,才知自己教的不好,學生因而所學甚淺。我感到很深的挫折,就向司馬賀大師請教,如果他是我,會如何啟發後輩學者。

  他在3月5日('99)給我一封信,其中有關管理學教育的一段,翻譯出來給大家參考:


  「如何教管理學(Administration)是個難題。目前美國大多數商學院所選出來的MBA(企管碩士)大多至少有兩、三年商業實務經驗,這樣教起來就極不一樣了。要是學生沒有這種經驗背景,我總是試著要求學生把所就學的的大學看成一個組織,以組織學的話來看待大學中的事情,從而能把大學當作實驗室的代替品。這並不改變你的論點(按:其實這是司馬賀在自傳《我生活的種種模式》中的看法):許多管理學上的原理(principles) 很簡單而又明白清楚;難在如何根據所信的原理養成力行的習慣。然而,我們不該從中得出結論說,:習慣是不可改的。(按《管理行為》中有專節討論組織的習慣與創新。)」

(我按照他的建議,希望學生研究中原大學,這可把他們難倒了,……我記得當時談很多電腦化註冊和選課系統…..)


  我又與他談大中國區的大學教育之「質」(例如世界上真正的科學實証教育,並未在教育中生根立足,所以怪力亂神現象特別嚴重。)和「量」(台灣的高教並不符合人民的期望,而大陸的高教投資,遠低於發展之所需。台灣的所謂「追求卓越」,大筆的散財於高教,小學等基本教育和設備之質與量堪虞…)

  我是有心辦網路上的自由SIMON大學。他以為大學量已經太多,當前提以及未來數世代)中,最重要的是如何利用現代化的傳播科技,把世界上的一流大學(Strong universities)之資源與社區連用、分享。


  我希望能編本《司馬賀談教育》;這以後有機會再談。


  近來讀張漢裕教授所譯的R. H. Tawney《中國的土地與勞力》(1995,協志工業叢書;原書1929年出版),其中有許多話很重要:

  「...國家所需要的是受過教育的人,不是沒受過教育的畢業生,…再不可為了大量生產而犧牲內容。應該側重教學生自己思考──這是比較費力的事...」(中譯本,pp. 206 -207)

  Tawney真是名家,他對竹爭中國現代化的整體建議是引《浮士德》中的一句詩為喻:『設非自己心靈出,何得精神助你與。』意思是:若非從你自己心中湧出,你不能得到什麼使你心靈更爽健。(p. 209)

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