2016年6月19日 星期日

Charles Merriam 1874-1953 (in Hunter)

. on Page 32:
"... exemplar of modern life and thus as the proper focus for social scientific research. Robert Park, W. I. Thomas, Charles Merriam, and the other social scientists of the University of Chicago, however, took the metaphor of the city as laboratory very ..."
2. on Page 34:
"... 16 To the political scientist Charles Merriam, for example , Chicago was the perfect case study from which to generalize, just as involvement in local civic life ..."
3. on Page 36:
"... "27 Similarly, in political science as practiced by Charles Merriam, chair of the Chicago department from 1923 to 1940, science and civic involvement were seen as natural allies. Merriam was ..."

4. on Page 37:
"... The Chicago School and the Sciences of Control 37 Merriam's persistent inveighing against "do-gooders" and his efforts to exclude them from social science were not rejections of reform as the ..."
5. on Page 39:
"... Although his teacher Charles Merriam had come to see education as indoctrination, Simon found independence the doctrine at Chicago, and he took full advantage of ..."
6. on Page 41:
"... but after Charles Merriam took the departmental helm in 1923, Chicago quickly rose to equal and then to surpass its eastern rivals. Harvard did ..."
7. on Page 42:
"... 42 Herbert A. Simon important contributors to the discipline in the years since 1945-and that does not include Merriam, White, and Gosnell, who would have been at the top of any similar list for the 193os! ..."
8. on Page 43:
"... The Chicago School and the Sciences of Control 43 Nevertheless, the political science of Merriam, Lasswell, Gosnell, and their colleagues was noticeably different from that of their teachers and their rivals at other universities. ..."
9. on Page 44:
"... To Merriam and his colleagues, there was greater liberty under rational democratic government than in any state of nature. Modern society was ..."
10. on Page 45:
"... Merriam, for instance, brought the International City Manager Association and the Public Administration Clearing House (PACH) to Chicago, along with Clarence ..."

on Page 36:
"... of the Progressive wing of the Illinois Republican Party until the 1930s. In the 1930s, Merriam became closely allied with Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, and he was appointed to the vice-chairmanship of the National Resources Planning Board, ..."
11. on Page 46:
"... a close friend of Merriam's) and then directly under FDR. Merriam was vice-chairman of the NRPB, and his friend the city planner Frederic Delano (FDR's ..."
12. on Page 47:
"... interdependence that distinguished modern from premodern society as essential supports for reason, not amplifiers of unreason. Though he thus stood Merriam and Lasswell on their heads, ..."
13. on Page 49:
"... over time."' In the 1920s and 1930s at Chicago, this ahistorical study of social process grew in importance, exemplified by Merriam's and Lasswell's works on political power and Gosnell's studies of voting behavior. ..."
14. on Page 52:
"... but they differed from their predecessors in their understanding of the external forces that shaped the behavior of the individual. Merriam and Lasswell, for instance, looked to social psychology rather than economic interest as their explanatory agent. ..."
15. on Page 53:
"... believed that this community of experts had a vital role to play in modern society. To men like William Dunning (Merriam's mentor) or William Graham Sumner, modern society always appeared to be on the verge of whirling apart because of the ..."
16. on Page 54:
"... many examples of such efforts were the three National Conferences on the Science of Politics of the mid-1920S (organized by Merriam through the SSRC and APSA), the development of an intimate relationship between the Spelman Memorial Fund and the SSRC ( ..."
17. on Page 55:
"... They could choose not to follow where Merriam led, and that is exactly what they did. 106 Third, Merriam and the Chicago School attempted to integrate research and ..."
18. on Page 56:
"... of public opinion attracted the interest of both Merriam and Lasswell, for instance.' 12 Works like Merriam and Gosnell's Non-Voting and Lasswell's Psychopathology and Politics revealed a corrosion of ..."
19. on Page 60:
"... he had stood Hegel on his head: with regard to the limits to reason, one almost could say Simon stood Merriam on his. ..."

Marx's early writings are thus a response towards Hegel, German Idealism and a break with the rest of the Young Hegelians. Marx, "stood Hegel on his head," in his own view of his role, by turning the idealistic dialectic into a materialistic one, in proposing that material circumstances shape ideas, instead of the other way around. In this, Marx was following the lead of Feuerbach. His theory of alienation, developed in the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 (published in 1932), inspired itself from Feuerbach's critique of the alienation of Man in God through the objectivation of all his inherent characteristics (thus man projected on God all qualities which are in fact man's own quality which defines the "human nature"). But Marx also criticized Feuerbach for being insufficiently materialistic, as Stirner himself had point out, and explained that the alienation described by the Young Hegelians was in fact the result of the structure of the economy itself.

20. on Page 83:
"... such as Charles Merriam and Beardsley Ruml, were charter members of the liberal managerial reform elite, as were the vast majority of the leaders ..."

21. on Page 142:
"... but not directed, research, just as Charles Merriam had at the University of Chicago. In keeping with his own theories of planning, Simon wanted to structure the environment ..."
22. on Page 171:
"... by the adoption of a systems perspective. In response to the challenge of subjectivity , they embraced the operationalist epistemology Merriam and Lasswell only hesitantly had accepted, ..."
23. from Back Matter:
"... Notes Abbreviations CMP Charles Merriam Papers, University of Chicago Archives CMU Archives Carnegie Mellon University Archives, Pittsburgh, ..."
24. from Back Matter:
"... 17. Barry D. Karl, Charles E. Merriam and the Study of Politics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974), p. x. 18. Meyer, "The Chicago Faculty and the ..."
25. from Back Matter:
"... Chicago Archives. 27. Herbert Simon, Models of My Life (New York: Basic Books, 1991), p. 36. 28. Karl, Charles E. Merriam and the Study of Politics. ..."
26. from Back Matter:
"... For an influential statement of the Chicago School's views, see Charles Merriam, New Aspects of Politics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1925). 56. Simon, Models of My Life, p. 6o. 57. Gosnell's ..."
27. from Back Matter:
"... force) that have made the city more efficient. 68. Simon, Models of My Life, p. 119. 69. Karl, Charles E. Merriam and the Study of Politics, pp. ..."
28. from Back Matter:
"... Other Essays (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1990). 83. Ross, The Origins of American Social Science, p. 388. 84. Charles Merriam, and Harold Gosnell, Non-Voting: Causes and Methods of Control (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1924); Harold Lasswell, Politics: Who Gets ..."
29. from Back Matter:
"... 102. Karl, Charles E. Merriam and the Study of Politics, pp. 123-35. 103. Committee on Scientific Method in the Social Sciences Social Science Research Council, ..."
30. from Back Matter:
"... 1918-20); William Ogburn, Social Change with Respect to Culture and Original Nature (London: G. Allen and Unwin, 1923). 112. For Merriam and Lasswell's interest in psychology, see Karl, Charles E. Merriam and the Study of Politics, pp. ..."
31. from Back Matter:
"... of Women Voters in the preparation of the California Voter's Handbook and finishing up her master's thesis (supervised by Charles Merriam). Dorothea P. Simon, "Letter to Charles Merriam," 10/7/40, CMP, Box 46, ff: Correspondence-S. ..."
32. from Back Matter:
"... Notes to Pages 82-88 357 21. Samuel May was a member of the ICMA and had known Merriam and Brownlow well for many years, co-authoring a report with them in 1926 on creating an institute for research in ..."
33. from Back Matter:
"... The Charles Merriam Papers are particularly valuable because he corresponded with almost everyone in the social sciences, and he kept just about everything. ..."
34. from Back Matter:
"... Merriam and the Study of Politics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974); Theodore Porter, Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of Objectivity ..."
35. from Index:
"... 102,105,112-13 measurement, 77-79, 8o-81,110-12,361n47, 375n42 Mellon, William Larimer, 145-46 Menger, Carl, 63 Menger, Karl, 71, 107, 122,129 Merchant, Carolyn, 321 Merriam, Charles, 6, 32, 34, 36, 37, 39, 41, 43-46, 49, 52-56, 83,142,171 Merton, Robert K. ..."
36. from Front Matter:
"... 6 HerbertA. Simon was a vital concept. This approach was epitomized by Harold Lasswell's and Charles Merriam's psychological studies of propaganda and power, by John B. Watson's radical behaviorism, and by Talcott Parsons's structural-functional sociology. ..."

Charles Edward Merriam, Jr. was a professor of political science at the University of Chicago, founder of the behavioralistic approach to political science, a prominent intellectual in the Progressive ... Wikipedia
BornNovember 15, 1874, Hopkinton, Iowa, United States